The Pergamon Museum is situated on the Museum Island. It was constructed in twenty years, from 1910 to 1930 and was built as a three-wing complex. The museum now houses three of the Staatliche Museen zu Berlin’s collections: the Antikensammlung (Antiquities Collection), Vorderaisatisches Museum (Middle Eastern Museum), and the Museum fur Islamische Kunst (Museum for Islamic Art).
Fortunately, the museum also holds other amazing archaeological treasures that soon captured my attention. Since the museum flow is currently altered, you are greeted, after entering, by the great and beautiful Ishtar Gate.
Lions are associated with Ishtar, a goddess of fertility, love, war and sex. The bulls are associated with Adad, a weather god, and dragons with Marduk, the chief god of Babylon.
I couldn’t stop thinking “I am gazing up at the same gate portal that Nebuchadnezzar, his army and his priests walked through”
The walls are adorned with over 120 sculptural lions, flowers, and enameled yellow tile patterns. The Processional Way was used for the New Year's celebration, down which priests and celebrants would parade statues of the deities. The Processional Way lead to the temple of Marduk.
These glazed brick walls now line a long museum hall where you can sit and take in the beautiful designs.
Each figure holds a vessel. Commissioned by Kassite ruler Kara-indash in 1413
The Roman gate was built in the ancient Greek city of Miletus (modern day Turkey) in the 2nd century AD, most likely during the reign of Emperor Hadrian about 120 to 130 AD. Before the Persian invasion in the middle of the 6th century BC, Miletus was considered the greatest and wealthiest of Greek cities and the gate provided entrance to market or Agora (Greek).
it is one of the earliest and finest surviving Nasrid ceilings.
Also, if you have the time in your itinerary, plan at least three days, to visit all the museums in the complex. Visiting even one will be exhausting, so spreading them out over a few days will make them much easier to take in. Overload is never fun!