The museum gets its name from “Checkpoint Charlie” which was the name given by the Western Allies to the best-known Berlin Wall crossing gate between East Belin and West Berlin.
The Wall remained a fortress-wall until it was opened up for passage in November 1989 and was finally demolished from 1990-1992.
While East Germany claimed that the Wall protected the people and helped in the building a socialist state in East Germany, the reality was the Wall was built to prevent the massive panicked escape of people from East to West that plagued East Germany and the communist Eastern Bloc right after World War II.
These fascinating items including the historic speech given by Ronald Reagan bringing the tense international times to life. "Tear down this wall!" was the challenge issued by United States President Ronald Reagan to Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev to destroy the Berlin Wall, in his speech at the Brandenburg Gate near the Berlin Wall on June 12, 1987.